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Austria

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • Social protection system for the older people

    Country

    Austria

    GDP at market prices Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    32 400

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    12.7%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    1.0%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    16.0%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    Compulsory social insurance scheme financed by the contributions from the employees providing earnings-related pensions. Depending on contributions and the duration of affiliation.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    Men: 65 years

    Women: 60 years

    Progressive increase of age limit for women until the same retirement age as for men will have been reached between the years 2024 and 2033.

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Contributions (insured persons and employers) and taxes. 

    Benefits for the older unemployed

    Within unemployment insurance, as a specific support (Sonderunterstützung): benefit for older unemployed persons in the mining sector: from the age of 52.
    Transitional benefit (Übergangsgeld) and transitional benefit after part-time for older workers (Übergangsgeld nach Altersteilzeit).

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of old-age benefits

    Current income financing (‘pay as you go’)
     

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Compulsory social insurance scheme for employees and assimilated groups. Benefits-in-kind system.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Insured person's contribution 10%, minimum €28.20 (free of charge in case of need), a minimum of €84.60 for spectacles, no contribution for children's spectacles.

    The maximum amount to be covered by the insurance funds is limited differently according to the statutes of the insurance funds.

     

  • Education and work of social carers

    Country

    Austria

    The overall management and organising of the education of social workers in the country is the responsibility of

    Ministry of Education

    Local governments

    Financing of the education of social workers

    The financing by state funding and by municipalities is the most important.

    The rights to acquire education of social workers in the country

    The person should not have police records.

    The organisation of the further education of social workers in the country is the responsibility of

    Ministry of Education

    Local governments

    Financing of further education of social workers

    It seems that the financing by state funding and by municipalities is the most important.

    Amount of students of social worker education in the country

    It is repeatedly reported, that 22.500 ‘care persons’ additionally needed by 2025, but it remains unclear which education, which qualification level, which profession precisely, etc.

    Overall management and implementation of European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIPAHA) in the country is the responsibility of

    Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Soziales und Konsumentenschutz

    The main resources of financing of European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing

    N/A.

    The required background of the social workers in the country

    The persons with only elementary education are not accepted except on black market, which is quite common.

    The requirements to the professions of social worker concerning the level of ICT skills

    N/A.

     

    The standards of the profession of social worker (social carer) in the country

     

    National system of education for social workers does exist with its requirements.

    System of carers activities in the country

    It seems that care is mostly funded by local governments, but funding also comes from the ministry. A few organisations can be regarded as big players, e.g. the Red Cross. Black labour is quite prevalent, and a big proportion of care is provided by family members.

    Individual rights to carer’s VET in the country

    N/A.

    Legal framework of carer education in the country

    VET for social work is provided on different levels, ranging from lower secondary level up to technical universities, and including short courses. Entrance preconditions / access requirements differ according to the nature and level of the education.

    Opportunities for carer’s VET in the country

    N/A.

    Certification system of carers in the country

    N/A.

    System of validation of prior experience in the country

    N/A.

    Evaluation of the situation in the labour market of carers in the country

    Generally there is high demand for nursing and care professions, due to demographic reasons. An additional demand of 22.500 care workers by 2025 has been repeatedly reported. However, it remains unclear if this demand will be met, due to funding issues.

    Evaluation of the participation of the country in the European collaboration in the field of care on the old age people

    N/A.

    General description of the professional status of the carers in the country

    N/A.  

    Description of the place of work of the carers in the country

    Care is provided in hospitals, homes for the elderly, and at home.

    Requirements to the personality of the candidates for carer (moral stability, physical condition, addiction to nicotine, etc.)

    N/A.

    Requirements to an immigrant as a candidate for carers job

    N/A.

    Work regulations of carers in the country

    ·    Working hours: 38.5 or 40 per week

    ·    Rest period and rest breaks: obligatory

    ·    Night working: N/A

    ·    Holidays: obligatory; 30 working days/year, 36 after 25 years of service (length of service in company)

    ·    Sick leave, maternity leave: maternity leave: ban on working 8 weeks before and 8 weeks after childbirth

    ·    Unemployment benefits: unemployment insurance obligatory

    Main principles of payment system of carers

    N/A.

    Other benefits of carers additional to the salary (telephone, covered transportation expenses, any discounts, etc.)

    N/A.

    The motivation for job of carer

    N/A.

    Average duration of work in the position of a carer?

    N/A.

     

  • Long-term care and situation of social workers

    Country

    Austria

    The responsible body for overall management of social worker activities in the country

    Ministry of Health, Ministry of Welfare, Local governments

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    Cash benefits: tax financed system of the Federal Government for long-term care benefit (Pflegegeld) and promotion of 24-hour-care.

    Benefits in kind: provision of social services by public and private providers.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    All residents

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Cash benefits:

    - Long-term Care Benefit (Pflegegeld). Decision-maker according to the Federal Long-term Care Benefit Act Bundespflegegeldgesetz, BPGG).

    Promotion of 24-hour-care:

    -   Federal Social Service

    Benefits in kind:

    -   Informal caregivers: family members, neighbourly help or volunteers.

    Professional providers: public and private providers.

    Long-term care

     Benefits for the carer

    It is possible that a close relative, who for at least one year has predominantly provided care to a person in need of care, who is eligible to long-term care benefit (Pflegegeld) of category or a person in need of care, verifiably suffering from dementia, who is eligible to long-term care benefit of category 1 or a minor in need of care, who is eligible to long-term care benefit of category 1, and who is not able to provide such a care due to sickness, holiday or other important reasons, receives a benefit.

    Benefits may be granted to persons in need of care or their relatives through the Relief Fund for Disabled Persons in order to subsidize 24-hour care at home for persons receiving long-term-care benefits of category 3 and higher.
    Support of €1,100 per month in case of two non-self-employed caregivers and of €550 per month in case of two self-employed caregivers; From this moment onwards support is given irrespective of the property of the person in need of care.
    Pension insurance for caring family members: option of a preferential voluntary insurance and preferential continuation of affiliation to the pension insurance from category 3. The federal government pays contributions for voluntary self-insurance or optional continued insurance in the field of pension insurance entirely and for an unlimited period from category 3 onwards.

    Long-term care

    User charges

    Contribution to the costs by claiming benefits in kind. This contribution is to be paid from the long-term care benefit and from remaining income. The rest will be borne by the state. In some Länder it is possible to have a recourse against relatives.
    The amount of contribution depends on individual case. 

     

  • Social protection system for the older people

    Country

    Austria

    GDP at market prices Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    32 400

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    12.7%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    1.0%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    16.0%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    Compulsory social insurance scheme financed by the contributions from the employees providing earnings-related pensions. Depending on contributions and the duration of affiliation.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    Men: 65 years

    Women: 60 years

    Progressive increase of age limit for women until the same retirement age as for men will have been reached between the years 2024 and 2033.

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Contributions (insured persons and employers) and taxes. 

    Benefits for the older unemployed

    Within unemployment insurance, as a specific support (Sonderunterstützung): benefit for older unemployed persons in the mining sector: from the age of 52.
    Transitional benefit (Übergangsgeld) and transitional benefit after part-time for older workers (Übergangsgeld nach Altersteilzeit).

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of old-age benefits

    Current income financing (‘pay as you go’)
     

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Compulsory social insurance scheme for employees and assimilated groups. Benefits-in-kind system.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Insured person's contribution 10%, minimum €28.20 (free of charge in case of need), a minimum of €84.60 for spectacles, no contribution for children's spectacles.

    The maximum amount to be covered by the insurance funds is limited differently according to the statutes of the insurance funds.

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Austria

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    7.6%

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    74.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    68.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    45.0%

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    66.0%

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    41.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    13.0%

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    76.0%

    Daily

     

    60.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    45.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    53.0%

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    8.0%

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    78.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    71.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    33.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    29.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    53.0%

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    15.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    32.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    28.0%

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    10.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    3.0%

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    12.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    2.0%

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    65.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    4.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    3.0%

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    19.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    33.0%

    Evaluation of the computer and internet skills of the carers in the country

     

    N/A