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Belgium

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    Spain

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    1.5%

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    64.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    64.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    46.0%

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    65.0%

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    21.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    11.0%

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    65.0%

    Daily

     

    51.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    32.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    45.0%

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    8.0%

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    69.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    58.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    32.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    20.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    38.0%

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    22.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    26.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    18.0%

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    22.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    2.0%

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    27.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    8.0%

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    56.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    6.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    2.0%

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    15.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    31.0%

    Evaluation of the computer and internet skills of the carers in the country

    On the whole it could be said that the carers do not have computer and internet skills, unless they receive specific training.

     

     

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Belgium

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    Sickness and invalidity insurance: Compulsory social insurance scheme for employees.

    Care insurance (Zorgverzekering/Assurance soins):

    The Flemish care insurance was created by the Flemish government in addition to the existing social security system. The care insurance confers entitlement to have a care insurance fund take responsibility (in the form of a monthly benefit) for the paying of certain costs connected with the provision of assistance and services of a non-medical nature. The care insurance is financed by the payment of contributions.

    Disabled persons’ allowances (allocations aux personnes handicapées/tegemoetkomingen aan gehandicapten): integration allowance (allocation d'intégration/integratietegemoetkoming) and allowance for assistance to the elderly (allocation pour l'aide aux personnes âgées/tegemoetkoming voor hulp aan bejaarden):
    Social assistance scheme financed by the state budget.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    Sickness and invalidity insurance:

    Health care:

    All salaried workers and assimilated categories, such as:

    ·    pensioners (including widows and widowers, orphans, and disabled persons),

    ·    unemployed persons,

    ·    disabled persons,

    ·    higher education students,

    ·    certain members of the clergy and of religious communities,

    ·    persons listed on the national register of natural persons,

    ·    certain members of the former public service in Africa,

    ·    all self-employed persons subject to compulsory health insurance.

    Sickness cash benefits and invalidity: All workers bound by a labour contract and categories assimilated thereto.

    Care insurance (Zorgverzekering/Assurance soins):
    Each person living in the Dutch language area (compulsory affiliation) and each person living in the bilingual region of Brussels-Capital (voluntary affiliation).

    Integration allowance (allocation d'intégration/integratietegemoetkoming) and allowance for assistance to the elderly (allocation pour l'aide aux personnes âgées/tegemoetkoming voor hulp aan bejaarden):

    The integration allowance is granted to disabled persons from the age of 21 who, at the time of making the request, are younger than 65 and in respect of whom the lack or the reduction of autonomy is established.

    The allowance for assistance to the elderly is granted to disabled persons from the age of 65 in respect of whom the lack or the reduction of autonomy is established.

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Care insurance (Zorgverzekering/Assurance soins):

    Home care: paid, non-medical assistance supplied at home by a home help service.

    Community-based care: care provided by a close relative or friend on a voluntary basis.

    Residential care, persons residing:

    ·    in a rest home, a rest and nursing home, a psychiatric nursing home in Flanders or in Brussels;

    ·    in a facility located in Belgium, but not in Flanders, which offers assistance and services similar to the benefits mentioned above, and which legally carries out its activities;

    ·    in a facility located outside Belgium, in another Member State of the European Community, of the European Economic Area or in Switzerland, which offers assistance and services comparable to those of rest homes, rest and nursing homes or other psychiatric care institutions, and which legally carries out its activities.

    Sickness and invalidity insurance, integration allowance (allocation d'intégration/integratietegemoetkoming) and allowance for assistance to the elderly (allocation pour l'aide aux personnes âgées/tegemoetkoming voor hulp aan bejaarden): Medical assistance supplied at home or in institutions, mainly via nursing care and physiotherapy paid according to the tariffs of the sickness and invalidity insurance. No informal carers.

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    No specific benefits for the carer.

    Long-term care

    User charges

    Sickness and invalidity insurance: No participation of the beneficiary.
    Care insurance (Zorgverzekering/Assurance soins):
    No participation but payment of an annual contribution of € 25 (€ 10 for those benefiting from the preferential scheme of the sickness insurance).

    Integration allowance (allocation d'intégration/integratietegemoetkoming) and allowance for assistance to the elderly (allocation pour l'aide aux personnes âgées/tegemoetkoming voor hulp aan bejaarden):

    No participation of the beneficiary.

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Belgium

    GDP at market prices. Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    29 900

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    10.3%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    0.1%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    20.2%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    Compulsory social insurance scheme financed mainly by contributions covering the active population (employees and self-employed) providing earnings-related pensions depending on contributions and the duration of affiliation with rates depending on family situation.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    65 years for men and women.

     

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    A part of global management: global contribution, global state subsidies, alternative financing (VAT), which varies according to need.

    Benefits for older unemployed

    Unemployment benefit with seniority supplement (complément d’ancienneté/anciënniteitstoeslag).

    Unemployment benefit with company supplement (complément d’entreprise/bedrijfstoeslag) (previously known as Pre-retirement pension on the basis of collective agreements (prépension conventionnelle/conventioneel brugpensioen) in case of dismissal.

    The Part-time allowance for elder workers (prépension conventionnelle à mi-temps/halftijds brugpensioen) is abolished since 1 January 2012 (with transitional measures for limited groups of workers).

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    Current income financing (‘pay as you go’)

     

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Compulsory social insurance scheme mainly financed by contributions for the active population (employees and self-employed).

    Rule: ex-post-facto reimbursement

    Exception: third-party payer system (hospitals)

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Reimbursement of hearing aids: 100% for beneficiaries under 18 years of age, minor contributions towards the cost of hearing aids for other beneficiaries.

    Remboursement of spectacles and contact lenses:

    ·    Frames and spectacle lenses for persons under 19 years of age;

    ·    Contact lenses: beneficiaries aged 19 to 65;

    ·    Spectacle lenses: beneficiaries aged 19 to 65 (as of ca. 8.25 dioptres) and beneficiaries aged over 65 (as of ca. 4.25 dioptres).

     

  • Computer and internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Belgium

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    6.9%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    65.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    61.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    29.0%

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    59.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    36.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    6.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    78.0%

    Daily

     

    65.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    56.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    50.0%

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    13.0%

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    78.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    70.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    37.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    25.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    35.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    39.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    29.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    12.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    26.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    22.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    8.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    71.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    1.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    4.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    13.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    26.0%