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Bulgaria

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    Bulgaria

    Total population

    2012

    7 327 224

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    14.1%

     

    2012

    14.7%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    2.2%

     

    2012

    4.1%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    19.5

     

    2001

    24

     

    2012

    27.8

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    32.46

     

    2030

    38.69

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    70.7

    Females

     

    77.8

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    14

    Females

     

    17.3

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    62.1

    Females

     

    65.9

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    32.3

    Females

     

    29.8

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64, total

     

    43.9%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Bulgaria

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    There is no single long-term scheme.

    No special legislation. The long-term care is provided trough social insurance and social assistance legislation.

    It is provided to all residents, irrespective of their economic status, in kind and in cash.

    The provision is organised centrally. Social services are financed by the state budget through the municipality budgets and by fees from the recipients.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    For the pension supplement:

    ·    status of pensioner,

    ·    reduced working capacity/ degree of disability exceeding 90%,

    ·    constant need of assistance to perform daily activities.

    For each type of long-term care service there are specific criteria to be met by the recipients. In general the eligible categories are as follows:

    ·    old persons with no relatives who can take care of them,

    ·    disabled or socially vulnerable persons,

    ·    disabled or socially vulnerable children.

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Social Services:

    The state, the municipalities, legal persons from Bulgaria, EU and EEA countries registered as undertakings under the trade legislation existing in the country of establishment.
    Supplement for pensioners in need of permanent assistance by a carer: National Social Insurance Institute (Национален осигурителен институт).

    Informal caregivers:

    ·    Рarents (adoptive parents) or spouses taking care of a person with a degree of disability/ reduced working capacity exceeding 90% who permanently needs assistance of a carer.

    ·    Individuals employed under the National Programme ‘Assistants for People with Disabilities’ and National Programme ‘Social services in family environment’.

    ·    Professional providers: Physical persons (Bulgarian nationals or nationals of EU and EEA countries) registered under the Bulgarian trade law or the trade legislation of the country of origin.

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    Persons (parents, spouses, individuals) employed under the National Programme ‘Assistants for People with Disabilities’ receive a monthly remuneration in an amount equal to the statutory monthly minimum wage which is currently BGN 290 (€ 149).

    Persons employed under the European Social Fund Programmes facilitating the delivery of the ‘personal assistant’ service can receive an hourly remuneration equal to BGN 2 (€ 1.02) for a maximum of 160 hours per month.

    Persons employed under the European Social Fund Programmes facilitating the delivery of the ‘home assistant’ and ‘social assistant’ services can receive a monthly remuneration between 110% and 140% of the statutory minimum wage which is currently BGN 290 (€ 149).

    Long-term care

    User charges

    In case of social services, the beneficiary may have to pay to the municipality or to the service provider.

    The fees for social services provided by professional providers are fixed by the provider.

    The fees for social services provided by the state vary from 30 to 50% of the income of the beneficiary (semi-residential care) and from 50 to 80 % of the income of the beneficiary (residential care). However, the amount of the fee cannot exceed the amount of the actual expenditures of the provider for delivering the social service. 

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Bulgaria

    GDP at market prices

    Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    11 600

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    9.1%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    0.0%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    30.9%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    First Pillar:

    Public pension insurance, functioning as a standard pay-as-you-go system. It is mandatory and covers all individuals hired by employers as well as self-employed, farmers, individuals working without a formal labour contract and others; nearly 30 categories of insured persons.

    Second Pillar:

    Supplementary compulsory pension insurance based on a defined contributory fully funded principle. There are two types of funds within this second pillar. The one is the so-called Universal Pension Fund and covers all persons born after 31/12/1959. The second one is the Professional Pension Fund and covers the persons working under the first or the second labour category.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case.

    First Pillar:

    The right to a pension is acquired if the following requirements are met:

    ·    Men: 63 years and 4 months of age and 37 years and 4 months of insurance.

    ·    Women: 60 years and 4 months of age and 34 years and 4 months of insurance.

     Since 31/12/2011, the retirement age has started to increase by 4 months per calendar year until reaching 63 years of age for women and 65 years of age for men.

    As of 31/12/2011, the required length of insurance has started to increase by 4 months per calendar year until reaching 37 years for women and 40 years for men.

    If a person has insufficient length of insurance, the right to a pension shall be acquired after having completed 15 years of insurance (all of which must be actual service as opposed to credited periods, and upon reaching 65 years and 4 months of age for men and women. Since 31/12/2011, this age has started to increase by 4 months per calendar year until reaching 67 years of age.

    Calculation of insurance periods: upon retirement periods of insurance are adjusted whereby 3 years of first category labour or 4 years of second category of labour are considered equivalent to 5 years of the third category of labour.

    Specific provisions exist for certain professions.

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Contributions (employer and insured person). Transfers from the State Budget

    State Budget covers deficit

    Benefits for older unemployed

    No special provision

    Financing systems for long-term benefits. Case of  old-age benefits

    Current income financing (‘pay-as-you-go‘) for persons born before 1 January 1960 and combined system (PAYG and fully funded) for persons born after the 31 December 1959 and those working under the 1st and the 2nd labour category.

    Health care

    Basic principles

    A compulsory social insurance scheme financed by contributions for Bulgarian citizens and for residents in Bulgaria and a scheme funded by taxes providing benefits in kind, other than those provided by the contribution-funded scheme.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Disabled persons receive cash allowances for the purchase or repair of supporting devices according to a list set annually by the Minister of Labour and Social Policy (Министър на труда и социалната политика).

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Bulgaria

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    17.1%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    41.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    35.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    26.0%

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    31.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    17.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    6.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    50.0%

    Daily

     

    40.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    4.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    27.0%

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    7.0%

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    49.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    37.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    22.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    28.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    24.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    0.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    0.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    46.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    27.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    0.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    13.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    5.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    34.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    4.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    6.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    11.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    10.0%