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Cyprus

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    Cyprus

    Total population

    2012

    862 011

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    8.7%

     

    2012

    9.9%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    2.6%

     

    2012

    2.9%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    17.2

     

    2001

    17

     

    2012

    18.1

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    24.88

     

    2030

    30.79

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    79.3

    Females

     

    83.1

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    18.2

    Females

     

    20.3

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    62.4

    Females

     

    61.4

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    40.2

    Females

     

    32.7

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64, total

     

    54.8%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Cyprus

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    Social Welfare Services (Υπηρεσίες Κοινωνικής Ευημερίας):
    Long-term care is organised centrally by the Social Welfare Services. Services are delivered through District and Local Welfare Offices throughout Cyprus. It is provided through the Public Assistance and Services legislation and is based on a philosophy of social assistance (entitlement based upon need).

    Long-term care is financed by the state budget (under the article for public assistance and services). Βοth in-kind and/or cash benefits are provided for long-term care according to individual needs.
    In addition, long-term care programmes are also implemented at local level by Non-Governmental Organisations which are financed by the Grants-in-Aid Scheme (Σχέδιο Κρατικών Χορηγιών) of the Social Welfare Services.
     

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    Social Welfare Services (Υπηρεσίες Κοινωνικής Ευημερίας):
    All persons legally residing in Cyprus whose resources are not sufficient to meet their special needs for care.
    The system of long-term care is based upon need (Public Assistance, Δημόσιο Βοήθημα); it is not compulsory.

    Only persons entitled to public assistance may be entitled to free of charge long-term care (i.e. older persons, persons with disabilities, dysfunctional families). The frequency of home care or day care or the need for residential care is based upon individual needs.

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Care services may include home care, day care, residential care and telecare and may be provided by the governmental, the non-governmental (Non–Profit Non-Governmental Organisations) and the private sector (private for profit enterprises).

    Informal care is mainly provided by spouses/partners, other members of the household and other relatives and neighbours. The state may pay (fully or partly) a private home carer who may be a family member. It is possible to compensate a family member who provides long-term care (if a family member is required to stop working for that purpose, or s/he is of low socio-economic standing), or a friend or a non-governmental organization, offering home care services for the provision of long-term care to persons entitled to public assistance, who are in need of care.

    In the case of informal caregivers a contract is signed between the Social Welfare Services, the person in need and the caregiver.

    Professional providers are the state, the non – governmental and the private sector.

    Another category is the Home Helpers (Οικιακοί Βοηθοί) who can be any person legally residing in Cyprus. Majority of them are third country nationals. Home helpers are employed under the terms of a contract by the person in need of home care. The Social Welfare Services provide for the salary and social insurance contributions, but the contract remains between the home helper and the individual. 

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    Social Welfare Services (Υπηρεσίες Κοινωνικής Ευημερίας):
    The state may pay (fully or partly) a private home carer who may be a family member. It is possible to compensate a family member who provides long-term care (if a family member is required to stop working for that purpose, or s/he is of low socio-economic standing), or a friend or a non-governmental organisation, offering home care services for the provision of long-term care to persons entitled to public assistance, who are in need of care.

    Moreover, the state may pay the salary and the social security contributions (€367.22) of a Home Helper in the case of a person in need of 24hr home care who is entitled to public assistance.

    Long-term care

    User charges

    Persons who have adequate means and are not entitled to public assistance are expected to cover the cost of their care.

    Recipients of Public Assistance are expected to contribute 80% of their social insurance pension towards the fees for residential care (public, non-governmental or private).

    In cases where home care is provided, a recipient's income from whatever source is taken into account when estimating their supplementary public assistance entitlements in either cash or in kind benefits.

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Cyprus

    GDP at market prices Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    23 700

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    6.9%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    0.0%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    37.2%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    Compulsory social insurance scheme financed by contributions covering the active population (employees and self-employed) providing earnings-related pensions and other benefits depending on contributions and the duration of affiliation.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    65 years for men and women; 63 years for miners.

     

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Contributions (insured persons and employers and state budget).
     

    Benefits for older unemployed

    After the first exhaustion of payment, people over the age of 60 may gain the right for re-entitlement after 13 weeks of employment from the day of exhaustion instead of 26 weeks of employment.

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    Basic Pension (Βασική Σύνταξη):

    Current income financing (‘pay as you go’).

    Supplementary Pension (Συμπληρωματική Σύνταξη):

    Partially funded (general level premium).

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Fully tax-financed scheme based on voluntary registration providing healthcare benefits to persons and families on low income.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Subsidy for hearing-aids is provided to:

    ·    children until 18 years of age,

    ·    adults with congenital deafness,

    ·    persons with hearing problems up to the age of 10,

    ·    persons over 65 years of age.

    Full subsidy is provided to beneficiaries entitled to free of charge medical care, whereas a 50% subsidy is provided to beneficiaries entitled to care at reduced rates.

    Subsidy is given every 4 years, or in case where there is permanent damage of the hearing aid.
     For people above the age of 65, a subsidy of €170 is provided for one or two hearing-aids. For the rest of the beneficiaries funding is given up to €1,367 per hearing-aid.

    Artificial limbs are provided:

    ·    Free of charge for beneficiaries entitled to free of charge medical care.

    ·    25% charge for beneficiaries entitled to care at reduced fees.

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Cyprus

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    0.7%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    55.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    53.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    30.0%

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    49.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    19.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    3.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    58.0%

    Daily

     

    47.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    21.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    30.0%

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    5.0%

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    57.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    46.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    26.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    33.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    28.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    22.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    21.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    10.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    18.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    9.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    2.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    42.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    2.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    7.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    15.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    14.0%