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Malta

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

     

    Total population

    2012

    417 520

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    9.9%

     

    2012

    12.8%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    2.4%

     

    2012

    3.6%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    15.7

     

    2001

    18.1

     

    2012

    23.9

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    31.75

     

    2030

    39.22

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    78.6

    Females

     

    82.9

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    17.6

    Females

     

    20.9

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    70.3

    Females

     

    70.7

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    39.1

    Females

     

    22.3

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64, total

     

    31.7%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Malta

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    A universal entitlement scheme based on residence, age and need. There is no specific scheme but coverage for the risk of long-term care is provided through various schemes providing cash benefits and benefits in-kind organised at central level but provided also at community level. A mixture of cash and in-kind benefits are provided, partly means tested and others needs-based. These benefits are financed through general taxation.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    All permanent residents

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    The provision of care is the responsibility of professional staff, specialised staff and family members and friends.
    In both public and private hospitals and institutions, the service is provided by doctors, nurses and other paramedics and health assistants. These institutions are both centralised and/or in the community. A number of elderly or other persons in need of long-term care are taken care of by family members either in the patients’ personal home or in the carers’ personal home.

    Informal caregivers:

    These are mostly family members who provide the care at home of the persons in need of long-term care.

    Professional providers:

    Doctors, paramedics, and specialised staff provide care in residential and semi-residential homes.

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    A Carer's Pension (Pensjoni tal-Wens) is paid to a person who is either single or a widow/er and who takes full-time care of a sick relative who is bedridden or confined to a wheel-chair and living in the same household. The rate of benefit is €98.69 per week and is paid to the carer.

    A Carer's Allowance (Ghajnuna Socjali) is paid to a person who is either single or a widow/er and who takes constant care of a sick relative living in the same household. The rate of benefit is €71.57 per week and is paid to the carer.

    Long-term care

    User charges

    Persons in receipt of benefits in-kind are expected to make a contribution to the costs of goods or services as follows:

    Home Care:

    ·    € 2.33 per week if single and without meal

    ·    € 3.49 per week if single and with meals, 

    ·    € 3.49 per week if couple and without meals, 

    ·    € 5.24 per week if couple and with meals.

    ·    Meals on wheels: €2.21 per meal. 

    Handy man service: rates vary according to job and clients should provide materials.

    Incontinence: Normal and extra absorbent nappies from €0.17 to €0.27 according to size.

    Semi-residential care:

    The residents of the Day Care Centres pay a nominal fee that ranges from € 2.33 to € 5.82 per month.

    Residential Care:

    Residents of the elderly homes contribute 80% of their pension and 60% of their remaining net income provided that residents are not left with less than € 1,398 per year (pension and other income) at their disposal. Therefore residents continue to receive their pension entitlement less the deducted monthly contribution.

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Malta

    GDP at market prices Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    21 500

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    8.3%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    0.52%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    18.1%

    Old-age pension

    Basic principles

    Compulsory social insurance scheme financed by contributions covering the active population (employees and self-employed/self-occupied) and providing earnings-related pensions depending on contributions and the duration of affiliation.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    -   For persons born before 1st January 1952: men - 61 years, women - 60 years. Women are given the option to retire at 61 years if so they wish. 

    -   For persons born during the calendar years 1952 to 1955: men & women 62 years.

    -   For persons born during the calendar years 1956 to 1958: men & women: 63 years. 

    -   For persons born during the calendar years 1959 to 1961: men & women: 64 years.

    -   For persons born on or after 1st January 1962: men & women: 65 years.

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Overall contributions from employers, employees, self-employed/self-occupied persons and the state.

    Benefits for older unemployed

    No special provision

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    Current income financing (‘pay as you go’)
     

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Universal system funded by government, employers and employees. All persons covered by the National Insurance Act of 1956 are eligible for free health care.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Sight tests are offered free-of-charge to all persons covered by primary health care. However visual aids and glasses are only offered to Pink Card holders. Contact lenses are only authorised in special cases. Hearing aids are also only made available to Pink Card holders.

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Malta

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    4.4%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    56.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    58.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    36.0%

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    46.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    20.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    7.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    66.0%

    Daily

     

    57.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    41.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    41.0%

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    14.0%

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    67.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    61.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    44.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    30.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    39.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    33.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    20.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    11.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    31.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    7.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    57.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    3.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    2.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    18.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    17.0%