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Netherlands

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    The Netherlands

    Total population

    2012

    16 730 348

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    10.4%

     

    2012

    12.1%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    3.2%

     

    2012

    4.1%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    18.6

     

    2001

    20.1

     

    2012

    24.4

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    30.79

     

    2030

    40.25

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    79.4

    Females

     

    83.1

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    18.1

    Females

     

    21.2

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    64

    Females

     

    59

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    41.7

    Females

     

    36.4

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64, total

     

    56.1%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    The Netherlands

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    Social health insurance system. Financed by contributions from all residents as well as non-residents who work in the Netherlands and consequently pay tax on wages.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    ·    All residents

    ·    Non-residents who work in the Netherlands and consequently pay tax on wages.No possibility of voluntary insurance.

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Care is mainly provided by institutions. In order to be entitled to provide care under the AWBZ, an institution must have received approval and concluded an agreement with a body that implements the provisions of this Act.
    Insured persons with a long stay (accommodation) indication can also opt for a personal care budget (persoonsgebonden budget, PGB) to purchase care in order to receive assistance from informal caregivers (such as a neighbour or a friend) or professional providers (such as specialised agencies).

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    An amount of €200 per year is granted to informal caregivers who provide long-term care at home to a person with an indication for long-term care.

    Long-term care

    User charges

    Cost sharing in case of residential care in an institution from the age of 18. Two kinds of cost-sharing:

    ·    the so-called high contribution, income-related, with a maximum of €2,097.40 a month;

    ·    the so-called low contribution, income-related, with a maximum of €764.40 a month.

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    The Netherlands

    GDP at market prices Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    32 900

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    6.5%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    0.72%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    6.5%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    Dual system:

    General system for all inhabitants financed by contributions on earned incomes and additional financing through taxes providing flat-rate pensions with rates depending on the household situation.

    Compulsory supplementary pension schemes for most of the employees based on agreements between social partners.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case.

    65 years

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    General Old-Age Pensions Act (Algemene ouderdomswet, AOW):

    Contributions (employees and self-employed). Additional financing through general taxes.

    Benefits for older unemployed

    Income provision for older unemployed (Inkomensvoorziening Oudere Werklozen, IOW) and Income provision for partially incapacitated older unemployed (Inkomensvoorziening Oudere en gedeeltelijk Arbeidsongeschikte werkloze werknemers, IOAW).
    Possibly, early retirement pension as part of agreements secured by collective bargaining and according to the economic sector.

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    Current income financing (‘pay as you go’)

    Health care

    Basic principles

    All residents are obliged to take out insurance. There are two main variants of health insurance policies: policies based on benefits in kind and policies based on reimbursement of medical costs.

    The General Exceptional Medical Expenses Act (Algemene wet bijzondere ziektekosten, AWBZ) introduced a general insurance for major medical risks. All residents are insured.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Subject to prior approval of health insurer. No cost sharing except for:

    ·    orthopaedic shoes: share in cost of €69.50 per year for those aged up to age 16; and €139 per year for those aged 16 and over;

    Hearing appliances:

    ·    first buy: €509.50,

    ·    replacement after 5 years: €509.50,

    ·    replacement after 6-7 years: €600.50,

    ·    replacement after 7+ years: €691,

    ·    hearing appliances for children up to 16 years of age: maximum of €691.

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    The Netherlands

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    3.7%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    n/a

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    n/a

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    n/a

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    74.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    44.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    10.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    n/a

    Daily

     

    n/a

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    n/a

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    n/a

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    n/a

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    89.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    83.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    38.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    38.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    53.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    9.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    40.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    41.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    21.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    2.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    15.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    5.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    87.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    4.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    n/a

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    29.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    36.0%