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Poland

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    Poland

    Total population

    2012

    38 538 447

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    10.3%

     

    2012

    10.2%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    2.0%

     

    2012

    3.6%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    15.4

     

    2001

    18

     

    2012

    19.4

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    26.94

     

    2030

    35.24

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    72.6

    Females

     

    81.1

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    15.4

    Females

     

    19.9

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    59.1

    Females

     

    63.3

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    34.3

    Females

     

    29.2

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64, total

     

    36.9%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Poland

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    Central system supplemented on a regional level.

    Long-term care is provided piece-meal through legislation on a number of others risks including old-age, invalidity, survivors, health care and also in the legislation on social assistance.
    The long-term care is based on a philosophy of:

    ·    social assistance (benefits in kind),

    ·    social insurance (Medical Care Supplement, Dodatek pielęgnacyjny).

    The long-term care provides benefits in-kind and cash benefits - both financed from the state budget.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    In Poland, all age groups are entitled to long-term care benefits (both children and adults), and the main eligibility criterion for awarding this type of care is the state of health of any given person, resulting from the degree of disability, invalidity or age.

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Informal caregivers:

    Spouses, members of the household and other relatives or friends.

    Professional providers:

    Specialists with professional qualifications, nurses, employees of social assistance centers, support centers, family-based assistance houses, social assistance houses, long-term nursing care in the home-based environment, family support centers.

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    A social assistance centre pays the contribution to old-age and pension insurance, in the amount subject to income criterion per person in the family, to a person that gives up employment due to the necessity to exercise direct, personal care for a member of the family suffering from a long-term or serious disease, and for non-cohabiting mother, father, or siblings, provided that the actual income per person in the family of the person exercising such a care does not exceed 150% of the amount subject to income criterion per person in the family, and the person exercising such a care is not covered by mandatory old-age or disability pension insurance under other titles, and receives no old-age or disability pension. The above also refers to individuals who - due to the necessity to exercise such a care - are on unpaid leave. The contribution to old-age and pension insurance - in the amount specified under relevant provisions on the social insurance system - is paid for the duration of exercising such a care.

    Long-term care

    User charges

    The stay at a social assistance house is co-financed by the individuals concerned and their families. According to applicable terms, the payments due should be borne by the resident him/herself up to the amount of full average maintenance costs, not exceeding, however, 70% of his/her income, with the family and the community participating in payments. Where the full costs of maintenance of a resident in a social assistance house do not exceed 70% of his/her income, neither the family nor the community need to co-finance these costs. If the resident of a social assistance house makes a payment which is lower than the actual maintenance costs, it is the family that is then obliged to make the remaining payment, also up to the amount of full maintenance costs, however, only where the income per person keeping a single household or per person in the family exceeds 250% of the income criterion, provided that the amount of that person’s or that of family’s income which remains after making the payment may not be lower than 250% of a relevant income criterion. The municipality (gmina) from which a given person has been referred to a social assistance house makes the payment in the amount of a difference between the average maintenance costs at the social assistance house and the payments made by the resident and the family. If a person referred to a social assistance house has no family, or if the family is exempted from payments due to low income, the community covers the remaining amount due up to the full average maintenance costs of the resident referred to that house.

    The care services from social assistance centres are paid. The amount of payments depends on the income per person in the family. Partial or total exemption from such payments is possible in particularly justified cases. People, whose income is equal to or lower than the income criterion are exempted from payments.
    The care in centres and homes which provide residential and semi-residential care are financed by municipality (gmina) or region (voivodeship). There is no participation of the beneficiary.

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Poland

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    9.2%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    52.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    47.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    24.0%

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    42.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    21.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    8.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    59.0%

    Daily

     

    46.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    32.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    32.0%

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    5.0%

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    64.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    47.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    27.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    25.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    23.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    16.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    33.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    14.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    19.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    7.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    2.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    49.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    5.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    5.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    9.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    18.0%