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Slovakia

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    Slovakia

    Total population

    2012

    5 404 322

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    9.6%

     

    2012

    9.9%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    1.9%

     

    2012

    2.9%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    16

     

    2001

    16.5

     

    2012

    17.8

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    23.59

     

    2030

    31.36

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    72.3

    Females

     

    79.8

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    14.5

    Females

     

    18.4

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    52.1

    Females

     

    52.3

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    35.4

    Females

     

    29.4

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64, total

     

    41.4%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Slovakia

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    The benefits are organised at regional and local level. Long-term care is covered partly by specific legislation (in case of disabled persons and those dependent on others) and partly by legislation on a number of other risks (invalidity, old-age, health care). The benefits are provided as a combination of benefits in kind (financed by regional and local self-governments) and cash benefits (financed by the state). Cash benefits (compensatory benefits) are granted if the conditions are fulfilled, which include a means test.

    Benefits are granted on the basis of a subjective right.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    Persons with severe health disability, persons with a negative state of health and persons in need of care from another person. 

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Informal care is provided by relatives (husband, wife, parent, custodian, child, grandparent, grandchild, sibling, child-in law, parent-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, niece, nephew) and by other natural persons who live together with the person in need of care (Attendance Service Benefit (Príspevok na opatrovanie)).
    Formal providers can be both public and private sector. There are care assistant and employees of care providers in institutions.

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    Personal Assistance Benefit (Príspevok na osobnú asistenciu) and Attendance Service Benefit (Príspevok na opatrovanie):
    Moreover, the state pays contributions for both carer’s and personal assistant’s old-age and invalidity insurance. It is possible to take a paid leave in order to care of a dependent person (relief service).

    Long-term care

    User charges

    The recipient of benefits in kind has to pay the cost of services during a stay in a facility according to this/her income and assets, but s/he has to be left with a certain minimum income (20% of the subsistence minimum per month). In case of home care services, the recipient must be left with at least 130% of the subsistence minimum. The cash benefit recipient pays a part of the costs for utility equipment.

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Slovakia

    GDP at market prices Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    18 400

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    6.6%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    0.36%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    6.3%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    1st pillar:

    Pay-as-you-go social insurance scheme based on contributions and solidarity principle, where the sum of the benefit is derived from earnings activity during the whole working life. Special scheme for policemen, soldiers and customs officers.

    2nd pillar:

    Funded scheme based on contributions (paid by employers and by the state) and on an assessment of the money deposited with benefits linked to the accrued pension capital.

    3rd pillar:

    Supplementary voluntary old-age insurance scheme financed by contributions of insured persons and employers.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    Old-age pension (Starobný dôchodok): 62 years

    This level of retirement age will be reached in 2014 for all population groups.

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Contributions (insured persons and employers) and state subsidy.

    Benefits for older unemployed

    Early pension (Predčasný starobný dôchodok)

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    1st pillar: current income financing (‘pay as you go’)

    2nd pillar: funded

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Universal health care scheme for all inhabitants (based on residency), funded by compulsory insurance contributions and state subsidies. Benefits-in-kind system. Co-payments of insured persons required in some cases.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Limited coverage, the rest to be paid by the patient (according to the price list of health devices). For example: the patient's participation for a lower limb prosthesis or hearing-aid may be partly or totally covered by the health insurance, depending on the diagnosis, the doctor's decision and the patient's choice of aid.

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Slovakia

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    17.2%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    71.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    67.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    34.0%

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    56.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    29.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    11.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    74.0%

    Daily

     

    60.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    40.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    42.0%

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    10.0%

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    78.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    71.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    29.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    49.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    38.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    27.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    42.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    11.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    37.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    5.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    3.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    69.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    3.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    6.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    19.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    23.0%