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Republica Cehă

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    Czech Republic

    Total population

    2012

    10 505 445

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    11.4%

     

    2012

    12.4%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    2.4%

     

    2012

    3.8%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    19

     

    2001

    19.8

     

    2012

    23.4

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    30.37

     

    2030

    34.32

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    74.8

    Females

     

    81.1

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    15.6

    Females

     

    19.2

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    62.2

    Females

     

    63.6

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    37.2

    Females

     

    30.5

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64, total

     

    47.6%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Czech Republic

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    Long-term care of citizens is not ensured by a single system, but it is partially included in the healthcare system, which is the responsibility of the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic, and in the social services system, which is run by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. Each of these systems has its own legal regulations, independent criteria of accessibility and quality, and a different method of financing. Apart from the state-guaranteed systems, long-term care and support is also provided by family members and other close persons and volunteers, mainly students.

    The main source of funding of the healthcare system is public health insurance.

    Social services have multi-source financing. They are financed from state, regional and municipal subsidies, from direct payments of clients, from own revenue of providers and from gifts. The main benefit of social care services is the ‘care allowance’, which is a state benefit paid to individuals dependent on care. The amount of care allowance corresponds to the degree of ‘dependence on care’ which is based upon an assessment of self-care capabilities (ADL, IADL). Family members of persons using the services may, but do not have to, provide the care. 

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    The target group for long-term care consists of older persons, persons with disabilities and persons with chronic illnesses who are limited in self-care and independence (IADL criteria – Instrumental Activities of Daily Living – assistance with housework, preparation of food, shopping, transport and social activities, etc.) and those who need a higher level of care (ADL criteria – personal hygiene, getting dressed, eating, getting in and out of bed and chair, walking and orientation in the immediate surroundings, etc.).

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Dependent people are cared for by professional providers either in institutions or at home with participation of informal carers (especally in home environment).

    Informal caregivers (family members, neighbours, and friends) are registered only when they get a care allowance from the dependent person and the state pays their social and health insurance. Professional care is in some cases complemented by volunteers.

    Professional providers are registered social services: legal entities established by regional and local authorities or private organisations, non-governmental organisations and natural persons.

    Professional services are provided in households of users, in institutions or like outpatient services.

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    Carers are not entitled to specific benefit. They receive the care allowance from dependent persons. The state pays health and social insurance contributions for those registered as informal carers. Periods of caring are taken into account for the purposes of old-age pension calculation.

    Long-term care

    User charges

    Based on Social Services Act provisions, users of social services pay for board and lodging according to their income, thus the concrete sum of participation is calculated accordingly.
    A social service provider can agree on cost sharing with a spouse, parents or children of user, should such person have no own income or such person’s income be insufficient to cover the costs.

    Users pay for care from the care allowance which they receive from the state (depending on amount of allowance and type of services).

    In addition to care allowance paid to the dependent person and financed from the state budget there are subsidies provided to registered social services in order to fund operational expenses (e.g. salaries, not investments e.g. in home improvement etc.). There is no ceiling; the amount depends on the availability of budget and other financial resources.

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Czech Republic

    GDP at market prices Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    20 200

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    7.1%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    0.5%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    6.6%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    Compulsory social insurance scheme financed by contributions covering the active population (employees and self-employed) and assimilated groups providing earnings-related pensions depending on contributions and the duration of affiliation.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    Men: 62 years and 6 months

    Women: depends upon the number of children raised:

    -   no children - 61 years and 4 months,

    -   1 child - 60 years and 4 months,

    -   2 children - 59 years and 4 months,

    -   3 or 4 children - 58 years and 4 months,

    -   5 or more children - 57 years and 4 months.

    The retirement age for men is gradually increased by 2 months each year.

    The retirement age for women are increased by 4 months each year (6 months from 2018) until it equals that of men. After that, the increase will also be 2 months per year.

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Contributions (insured persons and employers)

     

    Benefits for older unemployed

    No special benefits. Only duration of payment is longer.

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    Current income financing (‘pay as you go’).

     

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Compulsory system financed by contributions from individuals, employers and the state.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Prostheses, eye-glasses and hearing aids may be partially or fully reimbursed. A price list of health aids establishes the level of co-payment.

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Czech Republic

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    8.2%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    n/a

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    n/a

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    n/a

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    37.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    19.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    14.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    n/a

    Daily

     

    n/a

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    n/a

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    n/a

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    n/a

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    72.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    68.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    33.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    40.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    31.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    37.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    23.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    8.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    18.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    0.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    3.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    47.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    0.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    16.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    23.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    10.0%