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Danemarca

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    Denmark

    Total population

    2012

    5 580 516

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    10.8%

     

    2012

    13.2%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    4.0%

     

    2012

    4.1%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    23.2

     

    2001

    22.2

     

    2012

    26.7

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    31.42

     

    2030

    37

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    77.8

    Females

     

    81.9

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    17.3

    Females

     

    20.1

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    63.6

    Females

     

    59.4

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    41.0

    Females

     

    37.9

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64, total

     

    59.5%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Denmark

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    Universal tax-financed scheme.

    Every resident is entitled to personal and practical assistance if s/he cannot perform the basic personal and practical activities autonomously, regardless of ability to pay. The system of care services is decentralised: the responsibility for the provision of personal and practical assistance rests with the local authorities. They must consider all requests for personal and practical assistance. The decisions of the local authorities must be based on a specific and individual assessment of the need for assistance. Complaints about decisions on personal and practical assistance must be addressed to the local complaints council with possibility of appeal before the Social Complaints Board.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    All citizens can get personal and practical assistance if they are resident in Denmark and cannot perform the basic personal and practical activities autonomously, so as to allow them to stay in their home as long as possible and to prevent further loss of physical and mental health.

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Long-term care is normally supplied by staff of private or public organisations in the sector. Local authorities are obliged to establish a framework and to set targets for both private and public providers for personal and practical assistance. The local councils are responsible for documenting and ensuring the quality of task management.

    Local authorities are encouraged to include informal caregivers with a view to allowing them to assume responsibility. Informal caregivers can be spouses/partners, other household members, relatives, friends, neighbours and other persons with whom the dependent person has a social relationship.

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    A person with a gainful activity who wishes to take care of a closely related person suffering from a significant disability can be employed by the municipality where the disabled person lives.

    Long-term care

    User charges

    Personal and practical assistance is generally free of charge. However there can be a user charge for temporary assistance. The amount of the participation depends on the household income.

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Denmark                      

    GDP at market prices Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    31 500

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    9.4%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    1.7%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    16.0%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    Social Pension (Folkepension):

    Tax financed universal protection scheme covering all inhabitants with flat-rate pensions depending on the duration of residence.

    Supplementary pension (arbejdsmarkedets tillægspension, ATP):

    Compulsory social insurance scheme financed by contributions covering employees and assimilated groups providing pensions depending on contributions.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    Social Pension (Folkepension): 65

    Supplementary pension (arbejdsmarkedets tillægspension) ATP): 65

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Social Pension (Folkepension): Taxes

    Supplementary pension (arbejdsmarkedets tillægspension, ATP):
    Contributions (employees and employers).

    Benefits for older unemployed

    Persons until the age of 63 or 65 depending on when they receive the social pension may join an insurance fund and receive benefits.

    Voluntary early retirement scheme.

    A similar benefit is foreseen for those persons who had a flexible employment (fleksydelse).

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    Social Pension (Folkepension): current income financing (tax financed, ’pay as you go’.

    Supplementary pensions (arbejdsmarkedets tillægspension, ATP): funded.

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Tax financed universal public health service for all residents.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Medical aids and remedies are provided free of charge to patients in hospitals if they are part of the treatment given in the hospitals.
    Hearing aids are free of charge if provided by a hospital. They may also be obtained from approved private providers with a subsidy of up to DDK 5,607 (€754).

     

    Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Denmark                      

    GDP at market prices Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    31 500

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    9.4%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    1.7%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    16.0%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    Social Pension (Folkepension):

    Tax financed universal protection scheme covering all inhabitants with flat-rate pensions depending on the duration of residence.

    Supplementary pension (arbejdsmarkedets tillægspension, ATP):

    Compulsory social insurance scheme financed by contributions covering employees and assimilated groups providing pensions depending on contributions.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    Social Pension (Folkepension): 65

    Supplementary pension (arbejdsmarkedets tillægspension) ATP): 65

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Social Pension (Folkepension): Taxes

    Supplementary pension (arbejdsmarkedets tillægspension, ATP):
    Contributions (employees and employers).

    Benefits for older unemployed

    Persons until the age of 63 or 65 depending on when they receive the social pension may join an insurance fund and receive benefits.

    Voluntary early retirement scheme.

    A similar benefit is foreseen for those persons who had a flexible employment (fleksydelse).

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    Social Pension (Folkepension): current income financing (tax financed, ’pay as you go’.

    Supplementary pensions (arbejdsmarkedets tillægspension, ATP): funded.

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Tax financed universal public health service for all residents.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Medical aids and remedies are provided free of charge to patients in hospitals if they are part of the treatment given in the hospitals.
    Hearing aids are free of charge if provided by a hospital. They may also be obtained from approved private providers with a subsidy of up to DDK 5,607 (€754).

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Denmark

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    3.7%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    n/a

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    n/a

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    n/a

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    65.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    31.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    6.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    n/a

    Daily

     

    n/a

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    n/a

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    n/a

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    n/a

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    88.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    80.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    57.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    13.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    54.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    16.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    51.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    20.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    26.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    19.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    6.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    79.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    6.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    2.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    14.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    34.0%