×
×

Finlanda

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    Finland

    Total population

    2012

    5 401 267

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    11.6%

     

    2012

    13.3%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    3.4%

     

    2012

    4.9%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    19.8

     

    2001

    22.4

     

    2012

    27.7

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    36.18

     

    2030

    42.74

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    77.3

    Females

     

    83.8

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    17.7

    Females

     

    21.7

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    57.7

    Females

     

    58.3

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    38.0

    Females

     

    36.4

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64,  total

     

    57.0%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Finland

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    Universal schemes financed by taxes and contributions depending on scheme. Both benefits in-kind and cash benefits available.
    The severely disabled persons have a subjective right to municipality-provided services under the Services and Assistance for the Disabled Act.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    All residents

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Services provided by municipalities. The municipalities are responsible for the services, which can be provided by the municipality itself, by joint municipalities or based on a contract with a private service provider.

    Informal caregivers: Agreement between informal caregiver and municipality based on an individual service plan.

    Professional providers: Based on a contract between the municipality and the service provider.

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    Caregiver’s allowance: depends on the municipality, minimum €353.62 per month. Those caregivers who have made an agreement with the municipality have right to 3 free days per month.

    Long-term care

    User charges

    Personal participation in publicly organised long-term care (over 3 months) is income-related. Fee may not exceed 85% of the person’s net monthly income (if the person has a spouse whose income is lower, fees may not exceed 42.5% of their combined net monthly income). Irrespective of this, minimum €97 per month must be left for his/her personal use.

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Finland

    GDP at market prices. Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    28 800

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    10.7%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    0.7%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    18.9%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    Dual system:

    (1)     insurance system (statutory earnings-related pension, Työeläke) financed by contributions covering all economically active persons (employees, self-employed, farmers) providing earnings-related pensions depending on contributions and the duration of affiliation and

    (2)      tax-financed universal coverage system (national pension (Kansaneläke) and guarantee pension (Takuueläke) guaranteeing a minimum pension.

    The pension schemes are integrated and when statutory earnings-related pension (Työeläke) exceeds a given limit, no national pension (Kansaneläke) is paid.

    In addition appr. 3% of population aged 15-64 are covered by supplementary 2nd pillar pension provision.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    National pension (Kansaneläke) and guarantee pension (Takuueläke): 65 years.

    Statutory earnings-related pension (Työeläke): Old-age pension to one’s own choice between the ages of 63 to 68. In the public sector there are lower individual retirement ages.

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    National pension (Kansaneläke) and guarantee pension (Takuueläke): taxes.

    Statutory earnings-related pension (Työeläke): Contributions (employees, employers, self-employed) plus state subsidy (for the pension schemes for farmers, scholarship recipients, self-employed persons and seamen).

    Pension accrual for non-working periods is improved: pension accrues when caring for a child under three years of age and during study periods up to five years. Pensions are calculated on a fixed €675.98 monthly income during these periods and are financed by the state.

    Benefits for older unemployed

    Unemployment pension (Työttömyyseläke).

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    National pension (Kansaneläke) and guarantee pension (Takuueläke): financed by the state.

    Statutory earnings-related pension (Työeläke): mixed system partly funded, and partly ‘pay as you go’.

    Part-time pension (Osa-aikaeläke): ‘pay as you go’.

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Public health service for all inhabitants (based on residency) operated by municipalities. Financed by taxes and patient fees.
    Private health care supplements the public scheme. Private health care services are partly refunded by general sickness insurance.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Health centre: prosthesis and hearing-aids are in most cases free of charge.

    Sickness Insurance: not refundable.

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Finland

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    11.8%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    76.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    74.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    48.0%

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    85.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    43.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    15.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    88.0%

    Daily

     

    78.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    82.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    70.0%

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    10.0%

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    88.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    76.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    50.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    35.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    58.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    8.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    54.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    25.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    17.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    24.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    5.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    79.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    2.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    3.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    13.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    38.0%