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Lituania

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    Lithuania

    Total population

    2012

    3 007 758

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    11.7%

     

    2012

    13.5%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    2.4%

     

    2012

    4.6%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    16.2

     

    2001

    21.3

     

    2012

    26.9

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    26.58

     

    2030

    35.2

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    68.1

    Females

     

    79.3

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    14

    Females

     

    19.2

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    57.1

    Females

     

    62.1

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    33.7

    Females

     

    33.9

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64, total

     

    50.1%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Lithuania

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    Central system which is supplemented on a regional level:
    Government adopts long-term national programs, strategies, requirements and standards.

    Municipalities prepare and implement municipal programs of disabled social integration. They are directly responsible for organisation of provision of social services; for determination of the needs for social services; for supervision of common and special social services; and for the organisation and provision of the primary health care.

    Long-term care is organised in day centres, home care services, residential social care institutions and hospitals.

    There is no united special legislation; long-term care is granted through several branches: social services, invalidity and sickness.

    Social services are granted for all residents in need. Health care is based on social insurance.

    Financed by the state, local budgets and Health Insurance Fund, payment of the person (family).

    Benefits in-kind are provided for long-term care. Cash benefits for people with severe disabilities.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    Social services are provided irrespective of the age, but considering the level of independency and the need for services. Main recipients of social services are elderly people and people with disabilities (children and adults). The need for social services is determined considering a combination of principles of co-operation, participation, complexity, accessibility, social justice, relevance, efficiency, comprehensiveness.

    This need is established on an individual basis according to the person’s dependency and possibilities to develop or compensate for independence by means of the social services corresponding to the person’s interests and needs.

    Long-term medical treatment is provided considering the health condition.

    Disabled people, considering their special needs, may be provided with permanent care (assistance) or with permanent nursing. The special need of disabled is determined by certified list of person’s health care conditions.

    There is no possibility of voluntary coverage in health care.

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    Informal caregivers:

    Family, foster family members, volunteers, other relatives and persons.

    Professional providers:

    Social care services are provided by social workers, their assistants and specialists in the field of health care, education, training and employment.

    Home nursing services provided by community nurses and nurses for general practice. Agencies licensed to provide primary outpatient health care services also provide home nursing services.

    Palliative care services can be provided by outpatient health care institutions and hospitals.

    Nursing and maintenance treatment can be provided by public or private institutions.

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    No benefits

    Long-term care

    User charges

    All long-term care recipients have to contribute by paying their share from income and even from property (in case of residential care), which covers a part of long-term care price. It depends on the kind of long-term care and the person in need of care.
    Municipalities have the right to relieve person from payment.

    The state does not control the prices of services.

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Lithuania

    GDP at market prices Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    16 600

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    6.5%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    0.44%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    12.1%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    1st pillar:

    Compulsory social insurance scheme financed by contributions covering the active population (employees and self-employed) and providing a pension with a flat-rate and an earnings-related element.

    2nd pillar:

    The 2nd pension pillar started in 2004. A person insured for the full pension insurance (main and supplementary parts of pension) may voluntarily choose either to stay only in the social insurance system or switch to the 2nd pillar and direct a part of social insurance contributions dedicated for the supplementary part of old-age pension (2.5% in 2004, 3.5% in 2005, 4.5% in 2006, 5.5% in 2007 and 2008, 3% from 1 January to 30 June 2009, 2% from 1 July 2009 to 31 December 2011, 1.5% in 2012, 2.5% in 2013) to a personal account in a chosen privately managed pension fund.

    After switching to the 2nd pillar, one is not allowed to come back solely to the social insurance system.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case

    Men: 62 years and 8 months

    Women: 60 years and 4 months

    From 2012 onwards, the retirement age is annually increasing by 4 months for women and by 2 months for men until it reaches 65 for both women and men in 2026.

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Contributions (insured persons and employers) and taxes.

     

    Benefits for older unemployed

    Prolongation of payment of Unemployment Insurance Benefit (Nedarbo draudimo išmoka) for older unemployed persons.

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    Current income (‘pay as you go‘) and accumulation financing

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Urgent health care is provided for all residents. Other health services are available for insured persons with the main costs of treatment covered by insurance. People who do not pay compulsory contributions and are not insured by state must cover the cost of treatment personally.

    Since 2005 the mechanism for the regulation of the compensation for the damage caused to patients’ health has been set. So since 1 January 2005 health care institutions must insure their civil liability for the damage caused to patients’ health.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    Prostheses and other orthopaedic technical devices are reimbursed at 50%, 80%, 95% or 100% for insured patients suffering from illnesses included in special lists approved by the Ministry of Health.

    The period of reimbursement of expenses for prostheses varies from 3 to 5 years, whereas for other orthopaedic technical devices it varies from 6 months to 2 years.

    Prostheses, intraocular lenses and hearing aids which are purchased by the National Health Insurance Fund under the Ministry of Health (NHIF) (Valstybinė ligonių kasa prie Sveikatos apsaugos ministerijos) are free of charge for insured persons. If a person wishes a different device from what the NHIF can offer, s/he has to pay the full price and obtains compensation from the NHIF equal to the price of the device.

    Expenses for the acquisition of spectacle lenses according to medical prescription are reimbursed to children with a better eye correction not exceeding 0.3 visual acuity – not more than once per year (the rate is up to 1 MSL) and to adults with better eye visual acuity after full correction not exceeding 0.1 – once every 2 years (the rate is up to 2 MSL).

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Lithuania

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    13.9%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    59.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    58.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    43.0%

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    26.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    18.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    11.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    65.0%

    Daily

     

    50.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    44.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    37.0%

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    2.0%

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    66.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    54.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    45.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    53.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    38.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    15.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    31.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    16.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    21.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    0.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    5.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    3.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    49.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    4.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    6.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    11.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    15.0%