×
×

Suedia

General information
Información General
Informations générales
Informazioni generali
Vispārīgā infromācija
Informații generale
Education and work of social carers
Educación y trabajo de cuidadores/as sociales
Formation et conditions de travail des ADV
Formazione e condizioni di lavoro delle assistenti familiari
Aprūpētāju izglītība un darbs
Educația și munca îngrijitorilor la domiciliu
Cuidados de larga duración y situación de los/as trabajadores/as sociales
L'accompagement de longue durée et les ADV
Assistenti familiari e assistenza domiciliare
Ilglaicīgā aprūpe un sociālo darbinieku situācija
Îngrijirea pe termen lung și îngrijitorii la domiciliu
Long-term care and social workers
Social protection system of elderly people in general
Sistema de protección social para las personas mayores en general
Système de protection sociale pour les personnes agées
Il sistema dell'assistenza socio-sanitaria alla popolazione anziana
Vecu cilvēku sociālās aizsardzības sistēma
Sistemul de protecție socială a persoanelor în vârstă, în general
Computer and Internet skills of the general population
Competencias informáticas y de internet de la población general
Maîtrise de l'informatique et d'Internet de la population dans son ensemble
Competenze informatiche e digitali
Vispārējās iedzīvotāju datoru un interneta prasmes
Competențele legate de utilizarea calculatorului și a internetului ale populației în general
  • General information

    Country

     

    Sweden

    Total population

    2012

    9 482 855

    Proportion of population

     

     

    Aged 65-79 years

    2001

    12.1%

     

    2012

    13.6%

    Aged 80 years and more

    2001

    5.1%

     

    2012

    5.3%

    Old-age dependency ratio

     

     

     

    1990

    27.7

     

    2001

    26.8

     

    2012

    29.2

    Old-age dependency ratio projections

    2020

    33.47

     

    2030

    37.21

     

     

     

    Life expectancy at birth, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    79.9

    Females

     

    83.8

    Life expectancy at age 65, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    18.5

    Females

     

    21.3

    Healthy life years expectancy at birth

    2011

     

    Males

     

    71.1

    Females

     

    70.2

    Duration of working life, years

    2011

     

    Males

     

    41.7

    Females

     

    39.0

    Employment rate of older workers aged 55 to 64, total

     

    72.3%

     

  • Long-term care and the situation of social workers

    Country

    Sweden

    Long-term care

    Basic principles

    Persons unable to provide for their needs or to obtain provision for them in any other way are entitled to assistance from the social welfare committee. The national legislation ensures that the individual shall be assured a reasonable standard of living. How this is carried out in detail can differ due to local conditions.

    Long-term care

    Field of application

    All residents

    Organisation of Long-term care

    Informal caregivers and professional providers

    The municipalities are responsible for decision-making, financing and provision of the services. The responsibility for provision gives the municipalities several options. Services can be carried out by the municipal employed staff, or by a common organisation of several municipalities, or by a number of contracted private providers including non-profit organisations which gives the individual the freedom of choice.

    Informal caregivers:

    It is very common that spouses help each other or receive help from children or other relatives. The major part of practical help, such as shopping once a week etc., is carried out by carers close to the family. One out of four persons aged 55 or older is an informal helper. The major part of daily personal assistance is carried out by professionals.

    Professional providers:

    Since elderly care is a responsibility given by law, it is also responsibility for the municipalities to secure the provision of services.

    Long-term care

    Benefits for the carer

    Support from the municipality, e.g. providing information, support groups for carers, relief on demand or scheduled relief, centres for carers with activities.

    Cash benefits, including the allowance to a relative, are usually calculated according to the number of hours of care. The payment can also be based on other criteria than number of hours. There is no national framework for the cash benefits and they are not paid out in all municipalities. 

    Long-term care

    User charges

    User fees are low. There is a na-tional high cost protection. In 2012 the maximum fee for elderly care is SEK1,760 (€202) per month. For medical care the maximum cost is SEK1,100 (€126) per year. For medicine the maximum cost is SEK2,200 (€252) per year. The individuals are entitled to reserve a fair amount of money for rent and at least SEK4,967 (€570) per month for a single person for daily living costs before the municipality can charge a fee for elderly care. For couples at least SEK4,197 (€482) per month.

     

  • Social protection system of elderly people in general

    Country

    Sweden

    GDP at market prices

    Purchasing Power Standard per inhabitant, 2011

    31 800

    Pension expenditure,  % of GDP, 2010

    9.6%

    Expenditure on care for elderly, % of GDP, 2008

    2.33%

    At-risk-of-poverty rate, age group 65 years or over, 2011

    18.2%

    Old-age pensions

    Basic principles

    The public old-age pension system (ålderspension) is a compulsory and universal scheme consisting of three parts:

    ·    the earnings-related old-age pension (inkomstpension) and the earnings-related supplementary pension (tilläggspension), financed by contributions on a ’pay-as-you-go’-basis;

    ·    the fully funded premium reserve pension (premiepension) with individual accounts;

    ·    the tax financed Guaranteed pension (garantipension) for all residents with low or no earnings-related old-age pension.

    Old-age pensions

    Legal retirement age in standard case.

    Flexible retirement age from 61. Possibility to work over 67 years with employer’s consent.

    Financing principles for old-age pensions

    Contributions (insured persons and employers) and taxes.

    Benefits for older unemployed

    No special provision

    Financing systems for long-term benefits

    Case of  old-age benefits

    Mixed system: partly ’pay as you go’ and partly funded.

    Health care

    Basic principles

    Tax financed public health service for all inhabitants (based on residence) in regional responsibility. The system is universal and compulsory.

    Health care

    Benefits for prosthesis, spectacles, hearing-aids

    The county councils or regions (landsting or regioner) provide appliances on certain conditions.

     

  • Computer and Internet skills of the general population

    Country

     

    Sweden

    Use of computers

     

     

    Enforced lack of a computer

    2011

     

    One adult 65 years or over. Cannot afford

     

    2.4%

     

     

     

    E-skills

    2012

     

    Individuals who have copied or moved a file or folder

     

    66.0%

    Individuals who have used copy or cut and paste tools to duplicate or move information on screen

     

    75.0%

    Individuals who have compressed files

     

    45.0%

     

     

     

    Way of obtaining e-skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have obtained IT skills through self-study (learning by doing)

     

    88.0%

     

     

     

    Reasons for not having taken a computer course

    2011

     

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because their computer skills are sufficient

     

    47.0%

    Individuals who do not need to take a computer course because they rarely use computers

     

    18.0%

     

     

     

    Use of Internet

     

     

    Frequency of Internet access:

    2012

     

    Once a week (including every day)

     

    91.0%

    Daily

     

    80.0%

    Internet used for

    2012

     

    Internet banking

     

    79.0%

    Interaction with public authorities (last 12 months)

     

    78.0%

     

     

     

    Mobile Internet access with portable computer

     

     

    Every day or almost every day 2012

     

    16.0%

     

     

     

    Individuals' level of Internet skills

    2011

     

    Individuals who have used a search engine to find information

     

    90.0%

    Individuals who have sent an email with attached files

     

    84.0%

    Individuals who have posted messages to chat rooms, newsgroups or an online discussion forum

     

    48.0%

    Individuals who have used the Internet to make phone calls

     

    40.0%

    Individuals using the Internet for seeking health-related information

     

    47.0%

     

     

     

    Concern about possible problems related to Internet usage

    2010

     

    Strongly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    15.0%

    Mildly concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    44.0%

    Not at all concerned about catching a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    33.0%

     

     

     

    Security related problems experienced through using the Internet for private purposes in the last 12 months.

    2010

     

    Caught a virus or other computer infection (e.g. worm or Trojan horse) resulting in loss of information or time

     

    28.0%

    Financial loss as a result of receiving fraudulent messages ('phishing') or getting redirected to fake websites asking for personal information ('pharming')

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Activities via Internet not done because of security concerns

    2010

     

    Security concerns kept individual from ordering or buying goods or services for private use

     

    23.0%

    Security concerns kept individual from communicating with public services and administrations

     

    10.0%

     

     

     

    Use and update of IT security software or tool to protect the private computer and data

    2010

     

    Use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam,firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    82.0%

    Don't use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    7.0%

    Don't know if use any kind of IT security software or tool (anti-virus, anti-spam, firewall, etc.) in order to protect private computer and data

     

    1.0%

     

     

     

    Frequency of safety copies or back up files from the computer on any external storage device

    2010

     

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: always or almost always

     

    14.0%

    Frequency of safety copies/back up files: Never or hardly ever

     

    44.0%